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Mary Elizabeth Barnicle and Tillman Cadle Collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: AppMs-347

Scope and Contents

The Barnicle-Cadle Collection consists of 580 discs, 1 box of black and white photographic prints, 4 reel-to-reel audio tapes, and 5 Hollinger boxes (2.5 linear feet) which contain record jackets, copies of those jackets, and song lyrics. Of the 580 discs, 567 are field recordings made by Barnicle and Cadle in the years from 1935 through the early 1950s.

The field recordings fall into two categories: 1) African-American folk culture and 2) Anglo-American folk culture. Included in the first category are spirituals, blues, ring shouts, and game songs recorded in Georgia, Florida and the Bahamas. Included in the second category are spirituals, traditional folk songs, sermons, bawdy songs, shanties, and political songs.

Other materials in the collection include four reel-to-reel audio tapes of a 1989 interview of Tillman Cadle, photographs taken at Cadle's Townsend, Tennessee home, record jackets and copies of those jackets, tape dubbing logs, and song lyrics found with the discs.


  • circa 1935-1989


Conditions Governing Access

None of the recordings shall be used for commercial gain. Only East Tennessee State University, through the Center for Appalachian Studies and Services, the Archives of Appalachia, and WETS-FM may disseminate this material, at no cost to the public, via public broadcast services. For further explanation of restrictions, contact the Archives of Appalachia.


15.00 Boxes (584 discs (mostly acetate) in 9 disc storage boxes, 1 flat box (photographs), 5 Hollinger boxes (2.5 linear feet), 4 reel-to-reel audio tapes)

1.00 Boxes

5.00 Boxes

9.00 Boxes

Language of Materials



The collection is divided into two subgroups: Subgroup 1, Biographical and Supporting Materials, 1935-c. 1955, 1989, Audio Tapes 1-4, Boxes 1-6; and Subgroup 2, Field Recordings, 1935-c. 1955, Discs 1-580 in Boxes 7-15. Subgroup 1 is divided into four series: Series 1, Interview with Tillman Cadle, September 8, 1989, Audio Tapes 1-4; Series 2, Record Jackets (originals and copies) 1925-c. 1955, Boxes 1-4; Series 3, Other Materials, undated and 1989, Box 5; and Series 4, Photographs, 1989 and undated, Box 6. Subgroup 2 consists of eight series: Series 1 consists of the Florida and Georgia Recordings, Discs 1-24, 1935 Box 7; Series 2 includes the Bahamas Recordings, Discs 25-88a, 1935, Boxes 7 and 8; Series 3 contains New York Recordings, Discs 89-234, 1935, 1940, 1948-1949 and undated, Boxes 8-10. Series 3 includes recordings of Huddie Ledbetter (Lead Belly), Aunt Molly Jackson, and other New York recordings of traditional folk artists. Series 4 contains Pineville, Kentucky Recordings, Discs 235-320, 1938-39, 1950 and ND, Boxes 10-11. Series 5 includes Other Kentucky Recordings, Discs 321-393E, 1939, 1946, 1948-50, Boxes 11-12. Series 6 covers Tennessee and Virginia Recordings, Discs 394-473, 1939-40, 1945, 1947-48, Boxes 12-13. Series 7, Locales Unknown, Discs 474-584, 1938-42 and undated, Boxes 13 and 14 contain recordings of Tillman Cadle, the Garland family and various other artists. Series 8, Other Locales, Commercial Recordings and Blank Discs, consist of Discs 568-584, 1936-37 and undated, Box 15.

Method of Acquisition

The Mary Elizabeth Barnicle-Tillman Cadle Collection was donated to the Archives by Tillman Cadle, Townsend, Tennessee on October 6, 1989. The collection was opened for research in May 1992.

Processing Information

Processing of the collection was completed in 1991. At that time, audio tapes and discs were dubbed by Tim Stafford and Charles Moore. The following persons processed the collection: Marie Tedesco, Tim Stafford, Charles Moore, Georgia Greer, and Norma Myers. With support from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, preservation masters and public-use copies were made of the instantaneous discs in 2002.
Marie Tedesco, Tim Stafford, Charles Moore, Georgia Greer, and Norma Myers
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Repository Details

Part of the Archives of Appalachia Repository

PO Box 70295
344 J.L. Seehorn Jr. Rd.
Johnson City TN 37614 USA