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Nat E. Hyder Papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: AppMs-0259

Scope and Contents

The Nat E. Hyder Papers contain five account books, genealogical notes, newspapers, correspondence, photographs, legislative bills, a Congressional report, a claim for damages, 125 powers of attorney, memorabilia, and miscellaneous publications. In addition to these documents, there are miscellaneous records that were incorporated into the Hyder papers by the staff of the B. Carroll Reece Museum prior to the collection's transfer to the archives. The documents date from 1802 to 1930, but the bulk of the papers encompass 1870-1900.

The account books document Hyder's career as a Carter County surveyor and "medical" doctor between 1874 and 1900; the books include patient names, dates, type of service, fees, and the balances of various accounts. The genealogical notes describe the histories of several Carter County families, including Taylor, Patton, Tipton, Jackson, Dulane, and McNabb families. The correspondence, legislative bills, powers of attorney, claim for damages, and the Congressional report document claims made against the United States government for supplies and services that were rendered by Carter County residents to northern troops during the Civil War. The photographs depict Hyder's activities with the 13th Volunteer Tennessee Cavalry and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. The miscellaneous documents and newspapers document turn-of-the-century events and activities in Johnson City, Tennessee.


  • 1802-1930
  • Majority of material found within 1870 - 1900


Conditions Governing Access

The papers are open for research.


1.00 linear feet (3 boxes, 1 oversized folder)

Language of Materials



The collection is divided into three series: Series 1, Account Books and Family History, 1872-1926; Series 2, Legislative and Legal Documents, 1868-1923; and Series 3, Miscellaneous Records, 1802-1930.

Method of Acquisition

The Nat E. Hyder Papers were transferred to the B. Carroll Reece Museum from the Sherrod Library's Museum in 1965. The Reece Museum transferred these papers to the Archives of Appalachia in September 1983. Mildred Kozsuch donated an addition to the Hyder Papers on July 20, 1990; Margaret Hyder DeVault, a niece of Gretchen Hyder and the granddaughter of Nat E. Hyder, had previously given the material to Kozsuch. In November 2016, the Reece Museum transferred an additional ledger to the archives, accession number 2016-052.

Separated Materials

The following maps were removed from this collection and added to the Archives of Appalachia map collection:

Abingdon Quadrangle, 1911; Cranberry Quadrangle, 1907

Processing Information

Chip Bailey, Melissa Garant, and Scott Schwartz completed processing and the papers were opened for research in 1990.

Chip Bailey, Melissa Garant, and Scott Schwartz
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Archives of Appalachia Repository

PO Box 70295
344 J.L. Seehorn Jr. Rd.
Johnson City TN 37614 USA