Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railway Records
Scope and Contents
In addition to the information on the operation of this railway from Spartanburg, South Carolina, across the Appalachian Mountains to Elkhorn, Kentucky, the records contain much information on the businesses and communities along its route. Shipping coal from the coal fields in Kentucky and Virginia constituted a large proportion of the railway's business.
The records were received in three significant donations and are described in the following three groups:
The original acquisition consists of minute books, corporate annual reports, annual reports of the general manager, annual reports of the Louisville and Nashville Law Department, correspondence, engineering files, accident and personal injury files, special excursion files, general subject files, Holston Land Company correspondence and ledgers, Black Mountain Railway ledgers and financial statements, vouchers for the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio Railway, Meadows Company, Carolina Company, South and Western Railway, and the McCabe Company, publications, and payroll ledgers documenting the general operation of the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio Railway between 1899 and 1979. The original acquisition is broken down into twelve series.
This addition contains the same type of material as the original acquisition and has been arranged in series and subseries that parallel the original acquisition. New types of material in this addition include typed corporate minute books of board of directors meetings of the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway and related companies; annual reports to the Interstate Commerce Commission, state regulatory agencies and stockholders; correspondence, legal agreements, deeds and title abstracts concerning the Holston Land Company and Black Mountain Railway; and miscellaneous accounting and financial reports of the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway and its related companies.
The records largely concern the corporate operation and financial matters of the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway and its related companies. Subjects covered include company organization; acquisition of property and equipment; reporting relationship with regulatory agencies; and the construction of railroad facilities.
The typed minute books in this addendum are duplicates to the photocopies of minutes in the original acquisition. However, since the two sets of minute were not exact duplicates, the researcher should check both groups.
The records span from 1905 to 1967. Additions were made to the following series: Series 1, Minutes; Series 2, Annual Reports; Series 7, Subject Files; Series 8, Holston Land Company; Series 9, Black Mountain Railway; Series 10, Vouchers; and Series 13, Accounting Files.
This addition contains the same type of material as the original acquisition. New types of material in this addendum include property rental agreements, property changes/engineering report ledgers, blueprints of new equipment designs, and preliminary line maps documenting the general construction and operation of the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio Railway between 1902 and 1983.
While both previous acquisitions contain several different types of maps, the second addendum includes many of the preliminary survey maps illustrating the track layout, bridges, track crossings and stations. The maps measure approximately 3 feet by 25 feet and are individually boxed. In addition to these maps, there are two seismographic blue-print maps of the entire Clinchfield route dating 1949. The blueprints contain mile posts, bridges, rail crossings, stations, rail and track bed gauges, and significant geographical characteristics. The blueprints measure approximated 2.5 feet by 105 feet and are boxed similarly to the preliminary line maps.
- 1899 - 1983
- Majority of material found within 1909 - 1954
- Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
473.00 linear feet (Consisting of 341 manuscript boxes, 21 oversize boxes, 110 rolled maps, 211 volumes)
0.25 linear feet
4.75 cubic feet
The original acquisition is broken down into twelve series: Series 1, Minutes; Series 2, Annual Reports; Series 3, Industrial Agent Correspondence; Series 4, Engineering Files; Series 5 Accident and Personal Injury Files; Series 6, Special Excursion Files; Series 7, Subject Files; Series 8, Holston Land Company; Series 9, Black Mountain Railway; Series 10, Vouchers; Series 11, Publications; Series 12, Payroll Ledgers.
When the additional records were processed, materials were added to existing series when possible. However, two additional series were created: Series 13, Accounting Files and Series 14, Engineering Maps and Drawings.
In June 1980 retrieval of those records began as archives' staff inventoried the basement repository and noted all salvageable records. Sampling techniques appropriate to specific record types were employed in cases where sizable volumes of similar records existed. Wherever possible, reports for each year or entire record groups were taken. Because the Accounting Department was relocated to Florida in 1971, few financial ledgers remained in the Erwin facility.
Method of Acquisition
Accruals and Additions
The third group of records was deposited in the archives on December 26, 1988 by Michael E. Tilley, president of the Watauga Valley Chapter of the National Railroad Historical Society. These records had been stored in a vault at the general offices in Erwin, Tennessee.
All photographs found in the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway collection have been removed and place in the Archives of Appalachia Photographic Archives.
Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Gold Bond, given by Jim Goforth, placed in Map Cabinet.
- Bennett, W. M.
- Bigley, F. C.
- Bolton, Charles L.
- Boy, D. C.
- Brewer, R. F.
- Campion, J. J.
- Caples, M. J. (Martin Joseph), 1864-1931
- Carter, George L., 1858-1936
- Catlett, Charles
- Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948
- Dibbell, William E.
- Emig, John C.
- Enloe, S. W.
- Harris, Allen, 1906-1992
- Henry, S. T.
- Hice, J. W.
- Johnson, J. Fred (John Frederick), 1874-1944
- Kelsey, V. V.
- Kemler, W. H.
- Mead, George Houk, 1877-1963
- Miller, John A.
- Phetteplace, L. H., 1871-1950
- Potter, Mark W. (Mark Winslow), 1866-1942
- Roberts, Henry
- Agriculture--Appalachian Region
- Altapass Inn Company
- Appalachian Region -- Economic conditions
- Black Mountain Railway Company
- Blueprints (reprographic copies)
- Carolina Company
- Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway
- Chemical industry
- Clinch Mountain (Tenn. and Va.)
- Clinchfield Northern Railway of Kentucky
- Clinchfield Portland Cement Corporation
- Clinchfield Railroad
- Clinchport (Va.)
- Coal mines and mining
- Collective labor agreements
- Community development
- Corporation records
- Cumberland Corporation
- Dickenson County (Va.)
- Elkhorn Southern Railway
- Erwin (Tenn.)
- Fruit culture
- Furniture industry and trade
- Gate City (Va.)
- George Evan Davis, 1875-1955
- Goforth, James A.
- Harris Manufacturing Company (Johnson City, Tenn.)
- Holston Land Company
- Holston River (Va. and Tenn.)
- Interstate Mercantile Company
- Johnson City (Tenn.) -- History
- Kingsport (Tenn.)--History
- Kingsport Southern Railway
- Lick Creek and Lake Erie Railroad Company
- McCabe & Company
- Mead Pulp and Paper Company
- Meadows Company
- Mineral industries
- Nolichucky River (N.C. and Tenn.)
- Pikeville (Ky.)
- Pound River (Va.)
- Railroad Retirement Act of 1935
- Railroad accidents
- Railroads -- Appalachian Region -- Design and construction
- Railroads--Equipment and supplies
- Ritter, William McClellan, 1864-1952
- Sinking Creek (Tenn.)
- South and Western Railroad of North Carolina
- Southport Harbor Company
- Spartanburg Land Company
- Spruce Pine (N.C.)
- Starnes Bend (Scott County, Va.)
- Sykes Mill
- Technical drawings
- Textile industry--Southern States
- Unaka Springs (Tenn.)
- Watauga River (N.C. and Tenn.)
- Michael Shandor, Martha Egan, Marie Tedesco
- Language of description