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Helen Raulston Papers | Archives of Appalachia

Title: Helen Raulston PapersAdd to your cart.
ID: 500/AppMs 123
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Arrangement: The two films and the video tape were placed in the audio visual storage room and were shelved according to the accession number. The interviews were placed in a single folder and added to the small collections.
Extent: 1.0 Video recordings
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Scope and Contents: The Helen Raulston papers include two 16mm films and a video cassette copy of the 1929 strike at Bemberg and Glanzstoff, and two 1982 interviews conducted by the, then, archives director Ellen Garrison with Raulston and Alice and Charles E. Bowman, both of whom worked at Bemberg and Glanzstoff for a number of years.

American Bemberg was owned by J.P. Bemberg, Barmen, Germany, an affiliate of Vereinigte Glanzstoff Fabriken (VGF), Elberfeld, Germany. The Bemberg plant began operations on October 28, 1926, while the companion Glanzstoff plant, also owned by VGF, began operations two years later in September 1928. In March 1929 workers struck first the Glanzstoff plant, then the Bemberg plant. Low wages, wage differentials between the plants and increased productivity demands ("stretch-out") were among the issues in the strike. After an apparent settlement was agreed to by the plant president, Arthur Mothwurf and United Textile Workers Union representatives, workers returned to the plants.

Charging that the company violated an agreement not to retaliate against the strikers when in April some of the strike participants were dismissed, the workers struck again. This time the strike lasted into May and resulted in defeat for the workers.


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