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Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railway Records, 1899-1983 | Archives of Appalachia

Title: Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railway Records, 1899-1983Add to your cart.
Predominant Dates: 1909-1954
ID: 500/AppMs 96
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Arrangement: This collection was received in three distinct donations: original acquisition, first addendum, and second addendum.

The original acquisition is broken down into twelve series: Series 1, Minutes, Series 2, Annual Reports; Series 3, Industrial Agent Correspondence; Series 4, Engineering Files; Series 5 Accident and Personal Injury Files; Series 6, Special Excursion Files; Series 7, Subject Files; Series 8, Holston Land Company; Series 9, Black Mountain Railway; Series 10, Vouchers; Series 11, Publications; Series 12 Payroll Ledgers.

When the additional records were processed, materials were added to existing series when possible. However, two additional series were created: Series 13, Accounting Files and Series 14, Engineering Maps and Drawings.
Extent: 473.0 Linear feet
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Scope and Contents: The Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway records contain corporate minutes and reports, financial and marketing files, engineering drawings and blueprints, personnel and accident files, and photographs documenting the preliminary construction, management, operation, and the financing of the railroad company between 1899 and 1983.

In addition to the information on the operation of this railway from Spartanburg, South Carolina, across the Appalachian Mountains to Elkhorn, Kentucky, the records contain much information on the businesses and communities along its route. Shipping coal from the coal fields in Kentucky and Virginia constituted a large proportion of the railway's business.

The records were received in three significant donations and are described in the following three groups.

Original Acquisition:

The original acquisition consists of minute books, corporate annual reports, annual reports of the general manager, annual reports of the Louisville and Nashville Law Department, correspondence, engineering files, accident and personal injury files, special excursion files, general subject files, Holston Land Company correspondence and ledgers, Black Mountain Railway ledgers and financial statements, vouchers for the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio Railway, Meadows Company, Carolina Company, South and Western Railway, and the McCabe Company, publications, and payroll ledgers documenting the general operation of the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio Railway between 1899 and 1979. The original acquisition is broken down into twelve series.

First Addendum:

This addition contains the same type of material as the original acquisition and has been arranged in series and subseries that parallel the original acquisition. New types of material in this addition include typed corporate minute books of board of directors meetings of the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway and related companies; annual reports to the Interstate Commerce Commission, state regulatory agencies and stockholders; correspondence, legal agreements, deeds and title abstracts concerning the Holston Land Company and Black Mountain Railway; and miscellaneous accounting and financial reports of the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway and its related companies.

The records largely concern the corporate operation and financial matters of the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway and its related companies. Subjects covered include company organization; acquisition of property and equipment; reporting relationship with regulatory agencies; and the construction of railroad facilities.

The types minute books in this addendum are duplicates to the photocopies of minutes in the original acquisition. However, since the two sets of minute were not exact duplicates, the researcher should check both groups.

The records span from 1905 to 1967. Additions were made to the following series: Series 1, Minutes; Series 2, Annual Reports; Series 7, Subject Files; Series 8, Holston Land Company; Series 9, Black Mountain Railway; Series 10, Vouchers; and Series 13, Accounting Files.

Second Addendum:

This addition contains the same type of material as the original acquisition. New types of material in this addendum include property rental agreements, property changes/engineering report ledgers, blueprints of new equipment designs, and preliminary line maps documenting the general construction and operation of the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio Railway between 1902 and 1983.

While both previous acquisitions contain several different types of maps, the second addendum includes many of the preliminary survey maps illustrating the track layout, bridges, track crossings and stations. The maps measure approximately 3 feet by 25 feet and are individually boxed. In addition to these maps, there are two seismographic blue-print maps of the entire Clinchfield route dating 1949. The blueprints contain mile posts, bridges, rail crossings, stations, rail and track bed gauges, and significant geographical characteristics. The blueprints measure approximated 2.5 feet by 105 feet and are boxed similarly to the preliminary line maps.


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